The settlements established by the Israeli government by inhabiting the Jewish population in the occupied Palestinian territories constitute a major problem of discussion in Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Constituting serious violations of the human rights of Palestinian people, shedding light on the issue of settlements properly is essential.

Israeli-Palestinian conflict, having various dimensions such as religious, ethnic, cultural, economic and strategic, constitutes one of the main discussion fields in international relations. The peace process which was started in the 1990s by Madrid and Oslo meetings in order to bring about a compromise for the solution of Israeli-Palestinian conflict could not give a concrete result.