The Al-Aqsa Flood operation, which the Qassam Brigades declared was a retaliation for the Jewish raids on the Al-Aqsa Mosque, the increase in violence against Palestinians by Jewish settlers in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and the ill-treatment of Palestinian prisoners held in Israeli prisons, has turned into a tragedy with Israel’s unlawful attacks on Gaza. However, Israel’s attacks on Gaza predate October 7. Israeli troops withdrew from Gaza, which it occupied until 2005, and after Hamas won the elections in Gaza in 2006, they resumed their blockade and attacks on Gaza. 

The Gaza and Israel issue can be considered as a part of the Israel-Palestine issue, which has a history of more than a century. Israel, which uses different methods for occupation and annexation in the West Bank and Jerusalem, aims to forcibly displace the Palestinians in this region and occupy this region through an illegal blockade in Gaza that has lasted for 17 years and attacks that have caused the loss of tens of thousands of civilians. Rather than providing a detailed analysis of the Israel-Palestine issue and the history of conflicts between Israel and Hamas, this report aims to provide a brief explanation of the origins of the conflict and informative content about the Israeli attacks on Gaza, the deaths and destruction caused by these attacks, and the legal dimension of the attacks.

Furthermore, the attacks that started on October 7, 2023, the current situation in Gaza and the reaction of the international community will also be discussed in the report. Moreover, suggestions and information about the humanitarian aid corridor, which is seen as a necessity regarding the current humanitarian crisis in Gaza, are also included in the report. In addition to secondary sources such as documents and reports in the relevant literature, the report also includes information obtained from various people and institutions in the field.